Education system in Andhra Pradesh:
In Andhra Pradesh, there is a drastic changes occurs and that has been continuing for 15 years. Before, education system in Andhra Pradesh is mechanical. After 1998, there were sudden changes in teaching approaches and techniques. At that time, APPEP(Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Programme) was introduced. According to this programme, play-way method would be used to teach primary level students. This programme gave fruitful results in primary education. After APPEP, DPEP(District Primary Education Programme) was scheduled by the government during academic year2001 to 2005. Duration of this programme, many new school buildings were sanctioned. The complete picture of schools was changed. In this programme, school educational committees were formed to monitoring the school system in respective villages. After 2005, Sarva siksha Abhiyan programme was conducted by the government. Actually, this programme was conducted through out India by providing funds on education to every state at that time. Gradually, government thought that a separate directorate to be for Sarva siksha Abhiyan at that time. For APPEP and DPEP programmes, to organize throughout the state, a project director was appointed at that time. In the same manner, an IAS officer was selected for project director for Sarva siksha abhiyan. The same tradition is continuing now. After
congress party came to rule in 2004, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is renamed
Rajiv Vidya mission. Under SSA, Child Language Improvement Programme(CLIP) was conducted. After Rajiv vidya mission came, under this programme CLAPS, Learning Enhancement Programme(LEP) were introduced. Presently, LEP is continuing to develop skills in children at primary stage. Last year, for I and II class children government introduced Snehabala cards with which a child can learn lessons in joyful environment. Academic monitoring committee(AMC) was also introduced strictly at the time of introducing LEP.
Recruitment process of teachers in Andhra Pradesh:
In Andhra Pradesh, recruitment of teacher process is taken by the government by dividing its responsibilities to every district educational officer. For recruiting teachers, government conducts exam to test the eligibility of candidate to be as teacher. Particularly, there is no interview for the recruitment of teachers in Andhra Pradesh. From this year, government decided to conduct Teacher Eligibility Test(TET), especially for candidates who have completed teacher training. Marks in TET will be used at the time of selecting candidates as teachers.
Facilities of government teachers in Andhra Pradesh:
In government sector, a secondary grade teacher's salary starts from basic 10900rupees as per PRC-2008 having HRA as 12% in general. Benefits as medical reimbursement and LTC facilities are also provided to the teachers. For school assistants, basic pay starts from 14860rupees. For every year, 7 earning leaves, 20 half pay leaves and 22 casual leaves are provided to a teacher who are working in Andhra Pradesh.
Conclusion: Comparing with nearly 50 years ago, financial status of a teacher is taken to sufficient stage now by government. But, with increasing of population, government has not in position to provide sufficient staff to schools. In present, students come from government schools get seats reputed colleges and in higher official jobs.
The article is good which is giving a exposure of the teaching system in A. P currently. The words teachers are being given sufficient salary might not be the right way to treat. The per-capita income has increased by a very bigger margin in A. P and the living style got changed. If the teachers are given the same salaries, Government may not be able to find teachers for the schools. The newer generations will also might not find meager 10000/- as a god enough salary for standing so much time and yet not able meet both the ends in the life as the inflation was too high and cost of living is increasing day by day.